Posts tagged pronouns
My friend Jack was thinking about having a party so he checked what he had in the house. There seems to be enough wine and beer. The last time he had a party he bought too much wine, and he has about ten bottles left over from that party. There was not enough ice, so he is going to need to pick that up when he shops for food. I told him no to buy to many things because there was a lot left over from his last party.
Today let’s look at how to use enough & too. Do you know how to use these words? Have a look at the paragraph above and then check today’s lesson:
We use enough to show that there is a sufficient amount of something and we are satisfied with the amount or situation.
Jack: Would you like some more coffee?
Jenny: No thanks, I’ve had enough.
There seems to be enough wine and beer.
It’s warm enough in the house, so I will take off this sweater.
Do you have enough books to read on your vacation?
We use not enough to show that there is not a sufficient amount of something, and we are not satisfied with the amount or situation.
He doesn’t have enough ice, so he is going to need to pick that up.
I didn’t have enough time to see everyone I wanted to see during the holidays.
Since Joe doesn’t get enough exercise, he is going to join a gym.
There isn’t enough milk in the fridge, so I can’t make pancakes.
We use too to show that something is more than you want/need, and in some cases less than you want/need, and using too means you are not satisfied with the amount or situation.
The last time he had a party he bought too much wine.
Happy has too many toys to play with.
The sweater my aunt gave me is too small, so I need to exchange it.
Lori’s doctor told her she drinks too much coffee.
Take a look in your refrigerator. What do you have enough of? What do you not have enough of? What do you have too much or too little of?
It’s such a nice day today. It’s sunny and warm and the sky is bright blue. I don’t think it will rain at all. A day like this reminds me of the first time I went sailing. I remember it very clearly. It was just as nice of a day. I was in a place called Oyster Bay. Have you ever heard of it? It is a beautiful place to spend a nice afternoon. It was my sister who first told me about it and I have gone there every summer since that time.
It is an interesting little word in English because that word has a number of uses. Do you know how to use it? Take a look at the paragraph above and then check out today’s lesson:
It is a pronoun. That means it is a professional noun. (No, that’s just a joke!) As a pronoun, it can be used to represent things that were just mentioned, like this:
- I lost my book. Have you seen it? Here, it means my book. I just mentioned my book, so it represents my book.
- I was in a place called Oyster Bay. Have you ever heard of it? it = Oyster Bay
- Star Wars is an amazing movie. I have seen it many times. it = Star Wars
It can also be used to refer to words like anything, everything, & nothing, like this:
- Anything tastes better deep fried, doesn’t it?
- Everything was ok after the storm, wasn’t it?
- I ate everything she served. It was delicious.
- Nothing happened yesterday, did it?
It is also used when we talk about time, weather, and distance:
- It’s such a nice day today.
- It looks like rain. I’d better take my umbrella.
- It’s five o’clock. Let’s go home.
- What time is it?
- It’s three thousand miles from New York to California.
It is used to refer to situations and events, like this:
- Tom: How was your trip to Orlando?
- Bob: There was a baby crying on the plane. It was terrible! It refers to the situation of the baby crying on the plane.
- I tried to explain the situation, but it didn’t make her any happier. It refers to my trying to explain the situation.
We also use it to when we identify people, either on the phone or in person. In such cases, we do not use the personal pronouns he or she:
- Jane: Who’s on the phone?
- Jenny: It’s Ann. Do you want to talk to her? Not, She’s Ann.
- Look at that table over there! I think it’s Johnny Depp! Not, I think he is Johnny Depp.
Well, I think it’s time for me to finish this lesson. I hope you enjoyed it. Feel free to send me your suggestion or comments for a one-point lesson.