Enough and Plenty – English Vocabulary Lesson

Enough and Plenty - English Vocabulary Lesson

There was plenty of rain this week!

There are plenty of people in the world studying English now. And of course there are plenty of language schools and websites like Happy English to help them reach their goals. I think studying a language for only a short time is not enough. You need to have enough time to understand how the language works and enough knowledge of the language to be able to communicate using it. Of course, knowing plenty of vocabulary will also help!

Today, let’s have a look at enough and plenty. Enough is used as a determiner before a noun to show that a sufficient amount of that noun exists. Enough can be used in a negative and positive sentence:

  • Do we have enough wine for the party?
  • I think I have eaten enough donuts today.
  • Jack has enough work to do. Let’s have Jenny write that report.
  • I don’t have enough gasoline. I’m going to stop at that service station.

Enough can also be used as a pronoun

  • No more cake for me. I’ve had enough!
  • We’ve worked hard today. That’s enough for one day. Let’s go home.
  • Kisses from my dog? I can never get enough!

Plenty is used as a pronoun, and means a large or sufficient quantity of something exists. We use plenty of + noun, or just plenty. Note that plenty is not normally used in a negative sentence:

  • We have plenty of wine for the party.
  • I have eaten plenty of donuts today.
  • Jack has plenty of work to do. Let’s have Jenny write that report.
  • I don’t need more coffee. I’ve had plenty.
  • Don’t give him any more books. He has plenty.

Now, it’s your turn. How about writing a few sentences using this vocabulary in the comment box below? I’ll review them for you!

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Free English Grammar Lesson – Using Much

I ate so much sushi last night.

I ate so much sushi last night.

I like listening to music, especially rock and jazz. I don’t listen to much country or pop music, but I to like some classical music. I don’t watch much TV, because I don’t like commercials much. Listening to music is much more enjoyable than watching TV.

A lot of people have said they have trouble with much. How about you? Today I am going to show you how to use much in your English conversation.

Much is used as a determiner before a noun, especially in a negative sentence and questions:

  • I don’t watch much TV these days.
  • Jack said he usually doesn’t drink much wine.
  • We didn’t get much snow in NYC last winter.

Keep in mind we generally don’t use much in a positive sentence, unless we use much with too and so:

  • Jane said she drank so much wine last night.
  • My dog has too much energy, so we walk her twice a day.

We also use much as a pronoun:

  • Bob said there was a lot of pizza at the party, but he didn’t eat much.
  • Joe said there was a lot of litter in the park, but I didn’t see much.

We use not much of a when we refer to someone who is not good at or doesn’t like doing something:

  • I’m not much of a beer drinker.
  • Blair said she is not much of a skier.

We also use much as an adverb meaning to a large extent:

  • We went to the club but we didn’t dance much.
  • I don’t know much about golf, do you?

It’s also possible to use much as an adverb before a comparative adjective:

  • This tomato sauce tastes much better that the one I made last week.
  • I think Jenny is much more beautiful than Blair.

We use as much as to mean the same degree as~

  • Jane said she danced as much as Maggie did.
  • Bob doesn’t work as much as Frankie does.

We use very much before a past participle in a passive sentence:

  • Brad was very much bothered by the neighbor’s barking dog.
  • We were very much worried about Jane after she lost her job.

Well, I believe I’ve covered all of the ways to use much that I can think of. How about using much in some original sentences? Post them in the comment box below!

If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!



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English Grammar Lesson: Using It, This, & That to Refer to What Was Said

My friend's antique cup. That is just about the nicest coffee cup I've ever used!

My friend’s antique cup. That is just about the nicest coffee cup I’ve ever used!

We use it to refer back to something that was just mentioned, talked about, or written. It is a pronoun, and it replaces a noun used in the previous sentence. When you use it, there is no special nuance or emphasis:

  • I went to Jack’s party last night. It was so much fun. It replaces “Jack’s party.”
  • We are planning a trip to Asia. It will be about three weeks long. It replaces “a trip to Asia.”
  • Have you ever seen Casablanca? It’s a great movie. It replaces “Casablanca.”

We also use this and that to refer back to something that was just mentioned, talked about, or written. This and that are also pronouns and have more of stronger nuance or emphasis. This and that have the nuance that what came before this and that is something special or a new or interesting. I feel that when using this and that we tend to add more information after this and that than we do after it. Compare these two sentences:

  • I went to Jack’s party last night. It was so much fun.
  • I went to Jack’s party last night. That was an amazing party. The food was great and everyone had a great time.

So after it we usually say “a little information”, but after this and that we tend to say “more information.”

  • We are planning a trip to Asia. This will be the first time for both of us to visit China, Japan and Korea.
  • Have you ever seen Casablanca? That is probably one of the most classic films of the last century.

Now it’s your turn. How about trying to write an original sentence using one or both of the above patterns. Use the comment box below



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If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them.

Thanks for studying today!