I’ve had a busy day. It’s just 9am now, but I have already done so much. I have prepared my lessons, checked Facebook, Twitter, and Weibo, and made breakfast. Of course, I have already taken Happy for a walk. I was planning to go to the gym, but I haven’t gone yet. Maybe I’ll go this afternoon.
We use already and yet with present perfect. Do you know how to use these words? Have a look at the paragraph above, and then check out today’s lesson:
We use already with the present prefect to show that something was completed before the time of speaking. Note that already generally comes between have and the main verb.
- It’s just 9am now, but I have already done so much.
- I have already taken Happy for a walk.
We use yet with the present prefect to show that something was not completed before the time of speaking. Note that yet comes at the end of the sentence.
- I was planning to go to the gym, but I haven’t gone yet.
- The train hasn’t arrived yet.
We use both already and yet when we ask questions using present perfect. Yet has a neutral meaning. Already has a meaning that the speaker expects that something has happened. Notice the difference:
- Has Carol heard from Jim yet? Neutral meaning
- Has Carol already heard from Jim? The speaker expects that Carol has heard from Jim.
Is that clear? Take this quiz and check your understanding.
Check out my book:
NEW for 2012! 109 Phrasal Verbs – 116-page eBook
- The DEFINITION of each phrasal verb.
- How to USE the phrasal verb.
- The STRUCTURE showing the grammar pattern of the phrasal verb.
- EXAMPLE sentences to see how the phrasal verb is used in context.
- A PRACTICE question to give you the chance to use the phrasal verb.