My cousin Sam is getting married soon. Everyone in my family is looking forward to the wedding. She is having a black and white theme for her wedding, so I’m going to wear a tuxedo. The wedding reception starts at 9:00pm, so I booked a hotel room for the night. The hotel told me that check-in begins at 2:00, so I’m going to check in before the wedding.
We can use the present tense and present progressive tense to talk about the future. Do you know how to use these tenses? Have a look at the paragraph above and then check your understanding with the quiz at the end of the lesson.
Rule #1: We use the present progressive tense for the future when we talk about something we have already made plans or arrangement to do. Remember, the structure of the present progressive is Be Verb + Verb-ING:
- My cousin Sam is getting married soon.
- She is having a black and white theme for her wedding.
- I am going to wear a tuxedo to the wedding.
Rule #2: We also use the simple present tense for the future when we talk about schedules, timetables, and future events that have a fixed starting or ending time:
- The wedding reception starts at 9:00pm.
- The hotel told me that check-in begins at 2:00
- The flight to Boston departs at noon.
Rule #3 We can also use the simple present tense for fixed plans and arrangements, generally when we talk about work, school, and other habitual events that have a fixed schedule:
- What time do you finish work tonight?
- When does your new aerobics class start?
- The new coffee shop in town opens tomorrow.
Rule #4: But, we usually use present progressive for personal plans and arrangements made for pleasure:
- Jen and Chris are going to the movies tonight.
- I heard Matt is meeting Katie after work tonight.
- I’m taking a nap this afternoon.
How did you do? Now, check your understanding with this quiz:
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- The DEFINITION of each phrasal verb.
- How to USE the phrasal verb.
- The STRUCTURE showing the grammar pattern of the phrasal verb.
- EXAMPLE sentences to see how the phrasal verb is used in context.
- A PRACTICE question to give you the chance to use the phrasal verb.