How To Use “Depend” – English Vocabulary Lesson

Depend is an interesting verb in English because it has two very different meanings and uses. For today’s free English Lesson, I’m going to show you some different ways to use this English verb.

First, depend means to rely on someone or something. Depend with this meaning always needs the preposition on (depend on), and an object:

  • I depend on my students to do their homework J
  • Children depend on their parents for food, shelter, and love.
  • The museum depends on donations to continue operating.
  • We depend heavily on the internet and technology these days.

Depend also means do be controlled or determined by something. You can use depend this way with the preposition on (depend on), and an object or without an object, but the object should be explained in the conversation:

  • Do I like spicy food? Well it depends. If the spice is not too extreme I can eat it.
  • I want to go to the beach tomorrow but it depends on the weather.
  • Jack said he wants to get a new car, but it really depends on the price.
  • I’ll can pick you up at the station, but it depends on the time.

Well, I hope you found this lesson helpful. Now its your turn. How about writing a few sentences using depend in the comment box below? I’ll review them for you!

If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!

 



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How To Use Do – English Grammar Lesson

How To Use Do – English Grammar Lesson

Do you like to study English, or do you have to learn English for school, and exam, or work? You can do a lot of things when you know a second language, and English is one of the most widely spoken languages these days. Contrary to what you may think, I do like to study languages too. I find it interesting how people communicate, and I think learning a new culture through language is interesting. Don’t you?

For today’s free English Lesson, I’m going to show you some different ways to use the verb do. Have a look at the paragraph above once more and then check the lesson.

The word do in English is an auxiliary verb. We also call it a helping verb, because it helps the main verb of the sentence. We use do to form the negative form of ordinary (non-auxiliary) verbs. The negative form is do + not + verb. Of course we generally use the contracted form of do not, which is don’t. The contracted form of does not is doesn’t:

  • I like pizza, but I really do not like pasta (or) …I really don’t like pasta
  • We live in New York. Our cousin does not live very close to us (or) … doesn’t live very close to us.
  • I do not watch a lot of TV because I work until 10pm (or) I don’t watch

Be careful! We do not use do to form the negative of other auxiliary verbs:

  • “I can not play tennis” is ok, but “I do not can play tennis” is not correct.
  • “I may not go to the party” is ok, but “I don’t may go to the party” is not correct.

We also use do when we form yes/no questions. The grammar is do + subject + verb:

  • Do you like pizza?
  • Does Jack have an extra tennis racket?
  • Did they meet you at the mall?

Do also has a non-auxiliary use, and there are a lot of collocations with do, especially with some sports. Some examples of collocations are do the dishes (wash the dishes) do laundry (wash dirty clothes) and do homework.

  • Lori does yoga on Sundays.
  • Akira did kendo in high school.
  • Jen cooks, and Joe always does the dishes.
  • Make sure you do your homework before watching TV.

It is also possible to use the auxiliary verb do with the non-auxiliary verb do:

  • Tom didn’t do his homework and the teacher got angry.
  • Did you do anything fun last weekend?
  • Don’t do that!

We also use do to replace a verb that was just used:

  • I washed the car today. I do it once a month.
  • I always exercise in the morning, but today I did it after lunch.
  • Jack was singing again in the office. I hate it when he does that.

Lastly, we use do for emphasis before the main verb in a sentence.

  • Wow! You do like pizza. You at five slices!
  • Oh, don’t worry. Jane does like you. She told me so yesterday.
  • I’m sorry, but I do need to go home now. It’s late.

Well, I hope you found this lesson helpful. I do need to go do more homework, so how about writing a few sentences using do in the comment box below? I’ll review them for you!

If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!

 



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How to Pronounce & Write Fractions in English

How to Pronounce & Write Fractions in English

Today, let’s have a look at how to read and pronounce fractions in English. Outside of the math class and in the real world fractions are useful for buying things and talking about distance. So let’s begin! Basically, we use cardinal numbers (like 1, 2, 3, 4) to read the figure on the top of the fraction, and ordinal numbers (like third, fourth, fifth) to read the figure on the bottom of the fraction. When we write the fraction in words, we use a hyphen between the cardinal number and the ordinal number. Here are some examples:

  • We pronounce 1/3 as one-third, 1/4 as one-fourth, and 1/8 as one-eighth.

As well, “a” means “one” so:

  • We pronounce 1/3 as a third, 1/4 as a fourth, and 1/8 as an eighth (written without the hyphen.)

In English grammar, ordinal numbers are countable, so you need to add “s” to the word:

  • We pronounce 2/3 as two-thirds, 3/4 as three-fourths, and 6/8 as six-eighths.

We have special words to talk about fractions that have “2” and “4” on the bottom:

  • We pronounce 1/2 as one-half, 1/4 as one-quarter, and 3/4 as three-quarters.

Here are some examples on how you might use fractions in your English conversation”

  • Can I please have  two-thirds of a pound of chicken salad?
  • The shop is just a half mile from here. We can walk there!
  • Please cut this wood into three one and a quarter-inch strips.

Thanks for studying today!

 



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