One-Point English Grammar Lesson: Because vs. Because of

A few days ago a reader wrote to me asking for help with because and because of. Today’s one-point English grammar lesson shows the basic difference between because and because of. I hope you find this helpful!

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English Lesson: Conjunctions And, But, So, & Because

He lives there because he loves nature!

We use conjunctions to connect two sentences. Lets look at four of the most useful conjunctions today, and, but, so, and because. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. I woke up at 6:30am.
  2. I washed my face.

You can use and to connect both of these sentences to make one sentence. If the subject of both sentences is the same, it is not necessary to repeat the subject.

  • I woke up at 6:30 and I washed my face (or) I woke up at 6:30 and washed my face.

You can use but to connect two sentences, when the second sentence is a contrast to the first sentence. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. It was raining.
  2. I went to the beach.

These contrasting sentences can be connected using but:

  • It was raining, but I went to the beach

You can use so to connect two sentences, when the first sentence is the reason for the action in the second sentence. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. It was raining.
  2. I brought my umbrella.

These sentences can be connected using so:

  • It was raining, so I brought my umbrella.

You can also use because to connect two sentences, when the second sentence is the reason for the action in to the first sentence. This is the opposite of so. Take a look at these two sentences:

  1. I brought my umbrella.
  2. It was raining.

These sentences can be connected using so:

  • I brought my umbrella because it was raining.

I wrote this lesson because a reader on facebook requested it. If you have a request, please feel free to let me know!

English Lesson: Why or Because

When you want to talk about the reason something happens, you can use why or because. Do you know the difference between these two words? Lets have a look at why and because today.

We use because to introduce the reason an action happens. We use because to connect two clauses.

The pattern is [action clause] + because + [reason clause]

  • I eat pizza for lunch everyday because I love it!
  • I brought an umbrella because it is going to rain this afternoon.
  • I need a passport because I am going to travel overseas.

We use why to introduce the action that happens for a certain reason. We use why in the sentence that mentions the action.

The pattern is [reason sentence] + That’s why + [action clause]

  • I love pizza! That’s why I eat it for lunch everyday.
  • It is going to rain this afternoon. That’s why I brought an umbrella.
  • I am going to travel overseas. That’s why I need a passport.

I think you are reading this website because you want to improve your English. That’s why I put my lessons here! Thanks for studying with me today!

How about studying English with Michael or Jackie? We are available for private English lessons in New York, and online via Skype. Also, check out Michael’s newest book & audio podcasts, 109 Phrasal Verbs