Participle Adjectives ED vs ING – English Grammar Lesson

This teacher is boring! Everyone in the class is bored...

This teacher is boring! Everyone in the class is bored…

Last night, Jenny went to a party at her friend Blair’s house. There were a lot of people there that Jenny didn’t know, and most of them were much younger than her, so she really didn’t talk to many people. In addition, they played R&B music at the party, and Jenny prefers rock and heavy metal. After an hour, she left the party and went home. Then she called her friend Serena. Have a look at this conversation between the two friends:

  • Jenny: “Hey Serena, How’s it going?”
  • Serena: “Hi Jenny. Pretty good. What’s new?
  • Jenny: Well, I went to Blair’s party tonight
  • Serena: Oh cool! How was it?
  • Jenny: “Well, actually I was pretty boring.”
  • Serena: “Huh?”

Serena was surprised with Jenny’s answer. Do you know why? Today, we are going to look at participle adjectives. These are adjectives that are formed from the present and past participle forms of verbs. For example,

  • bore → bored  → boring
  • tire → tired  → tiring
  • excite → excited  → exciting
  • interest → interested  → interesting
  • amaze → amazed  → amazing

The past participle adjectives are words like bored, excited, interested, amazed, disappointed, etc. These adjectives that end in ED describe how a person feels about something. People are ED!

  • I was tired yesterday so I went to bed early.
  • Serena was bored in her history class.
  • I’m interested in Jazz.
  • Jack was excited when he won the lottery!

Words like boring, exciting, interesting, amazing, disappointing, etc. describe the reason a person has a certain feeling about something. Things and sometimes people are ING!

  • Work was tiring yesterday so I went to bed early.
  • Serena’s history class was boring.
  • I think jazz is interesting.
  • Winning the lottery is so exciting!

Generally things are ING, but sometimes we use ING adjectives to describe people:

  • My history teacher was so boring. He’s not an interesting teacher and makes the students feel bored.
  • My grandfather was an interesting person. He had two jobs and enjoyed painting.
  • Jack is so depressing. I don’t like talking to him because of his negative attitude.

Here are some more examples using both types of adjectives

  • The party was boring, so I was bored. I feel bored…the party is boring
  • My history teacher is boring, so I was bored in the class.
  • The roller coaster is exciting, so I am excited. I am excited. The roller coaster is exciting.
  • This lesson is interesting, so I am very interested in* it.  (*Note we use interested + in + object)

Now, it’s your turn. How about writing a few sentences using this vocabulary in the comment box below? I’ll review them for you!

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Some Informal Ways Say “Good” – English Vocabulary Lesson

The sushi there is fabulous!

The sushi there is fabulous!

Good is an adjective, and today I’d like to show you some other casual and informal words you can use when you want to say someone or something is good.

When talking about goods, services, or places, you can say:

  • We had an ace time at the party last night.
  • That amusement park is so awesome. You should go there.
  • I had a bang-up time when I met my friends from high school.
  • They make excellent pizza at that restaurant.
  • You look fabulous! What a pretty dress.
  • The kids had a fantastic time at Disneyworld.
  • The new video game I got has killer graphics.
  • Mom said her new knife sharpener is terrific.
  • That hotel provides top-notch service.
  • They have a wicked rollercoaster at that park.

Now it’s your turn. How about using some of these words in an original sentencein the comment box below!

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English Vocabulary Lesson: Good vs. Well

Ichiro plays very well. Everyone says he's a good player.

Ichiro plays very well. Everyone says he’s a good player.

A lot of people (including some native speakers) have trouble with good and will. Today, I am going to show you how to use these English words. Have a look at the paragraph below and see if you can catch the difference.

Do you know Lombardi’s in New York City? The pizza there is so good. I mean, it’s really good pizza. I think it’s the best in pizza in the Big Apple. Now, I know pizza well, and I know New York well, so I am pretty confident in my opinion here. The pizza there is made well, with good ingredients and the taste is as good as it gets.

From an English grammar point of view, good is an adjective and well is an adverb.

When we are talking about a person’s health or condition, we use well:

  • Brad: Hey Angelina, how are you doing today?
  • Angelina: I’m well, thanks. How about you?

In American English, using “good” to describe how you feel has become common. I’m sure you have probably heard people reply to “How are you” with “I’m good thanks” but that is not grammatically correct. “I’m well” means “I’m in good health and spirits.” However, “I’m good” means “I am a good person, not a bad person.” It’s a big difference, right? Here are some more examples:

  • Bob is not feeling well today.
  • I heard Jack is feeling well after his accident.

We also use well to describe how something is done or how someone does something:

  • The pizza is made well.
  • Jane sings very well.

We use good when we describe something:

  • The leather seats in the car feel so good.
  • The pizza tastes good.
  • These roses smell so good.
  • Johnny is a good boy

We also use good when we describe how something looks:

  • Your new hairstyle looks good!
  • I love how you changed your garden. It looks good.

One last point. When we talk about how a person looks, we can use good or well, but the meaning is different, so be careful!

  • Jane looks good today. (This means she looks attractive, pretty, etc.)
  • Jane looks well today. (This means she looks healthy. Perhaps she was ill yesterday.)

Now it’s your turn. How about trying to write an original sentence using good or well as I just explained above. Use the comment box below and I’ll check your answers.