One-Point English Lesson: Hard Vs Hardly
Hard and hardly can be confusing for a lot of students. Let’s have a look at these two words today!
Hard is an adjective and has the opposite meaning of “soft.”
- A bagel has a hard crust and a soft inside.
- If you don’t put that bread in a bag it will become hard.
- Steel is harder that wood.
In addition, hard is used to mean “difficult” or “requiring a lot of effort.”
- The final exam was harder than I expected.
- Some people find it hard to used the subway in Tokyo.
- She’s a good teacher, but sometimes she gives us hard questions to think about.
Hard is also used as an adverb and means, “using a lot of effort or with a lot of energy.” Hard generally comes after the verb.
- He said he studied very hard to pass the exam.
- We worked hard on the report and finally finished it on time.
- It rained hard for two days.
Hardly is also an adverb but means “scarcely,” “barely,” and “slightly.” Hardly generally comes before the verb.
- It hardly rained this summer, so the water supply is low.
- The trains hardly come between midnight and 6:00am.
- Because of the poor sound system, we could hardly hear the CEO when he gave his speech.
Thus, in a way, hardly can have the opposite meaning of hard, when used as an adverb. Compare these two sentences:
- Jack worked hard on the project all day. Jack used a lot of effort.
- Jack hardly worked on the project all day. Jack used very little effort.
Did you work hard on something today or were you hardly working? Leave a comment here and let me know!
If you know anyone who has trouble with this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them.
Thanks for studying today!
|This entry was posted by Michael on December 9, 2012 at 9:50 am, and is filed under Happy English!. Follow any responses to this post through RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback from your own site.|
No comments yet.
No trackbacks yet.
about 19 hours ago - No comments
For the past several years, the Spanish Government had offered study abroad scholarships, but to the disappointment of many young Spanish students, the Ministry of Education announced that there would be no scholarships granted this year. Kaplan International, a leading provider of English language courses and study abroad programs, wanted to bring back the excitement…
about 2 days ago - 5 comments
Hi everyone! I want to start today’s English Lesson with a question. Can you find the problem with this sentence? Most of Americans like pizza. Did you find it? Well, if not, don’t worry. You’re not alone. A lot of people get confused when they try to use words like all, some, most, many, little,…
about 4 days ago - 2 comments
Hi Everyone! Today is another beautiful, sunny day in NYC. I think I will go for a walk after work. That reminds me. The other day, someone asked me about how to use to and for with go, so today, I am going to show you how the grammar is and how we use it.…
about 1 week ago - 1 comment
Happy Friday Everyone! Today I want to show you a few useful idioms using the word break. Check them out and try to use them in your English conversation or writing this weekend! Break someone’s heart How to use it: [someone] breaks another person’s heart Explanation: When you break someone’s heart, you disappoint them romantically.…
about 1 week ago - 3 comments
Greetings from sunny and warm New York City. It’s such a nice day today. If you walk along Madison Avenue, you can see a lot of people with smiles walking around and enjoying the sunshine. Well, for today’s free English grammar lesson, we are going to look at the preposition with. A lot of people…
about 1 week ago - 2 comments
Hi Everyone. Here is a one-point vocabulary lesson about beside & besides. Beside is a preposition of location. It means next to. The clock is beside the candleholder on the shelf. I was sitting beside Jack at the restaurant. Please put that table beside the sofa. Besides is used as conversational phrase to mean “in…
about 1 week ago - 12 comments
Hi English Language fans! It was a bit chilly this morning in NYC. Well, today I have a special English lesson for you that I think is really going to help you learn the difference between the prepositions at & in when talking about location. I know so many people have trouble with these two…
about 1 week ago - No comments
Here is a great collection of idioms relating to the body from our friends over at Kaplan. Check them out! Learn Body idioms with Kaplan If you enjoyed this article, get email updates (it’s free). Enter email address: If you know anyone who is interested in this topic, why not help them out! Just…
about 1 week ago - 2 comments
Hi English Language fans! How’s your week going? Today I want to show you how to use for and why with the noun reason. You can use reason + for. What is his reason for being late? Did you tell your teacher your reason for missing class yesterday? You can also use for + reason…
about 2 weeks ago - 2 comments
Good morning from Happy English in NYC! I love the convenience of living in the Big Apple, and this city has many conveniences like the transportation, and huge number of restaurants. How about your town? Today, I want to teach you the difference between convenience and convenient. A lot of students have trouble with these…