Although it was raining, I walked to the office today

One of the things I love about my new office is that it is close to the commuter rail station and I can walk there. In fact, although it was raining today, I walked to the office. And in spite of the fact that it is located in a great neighborhood in NYC, the rent is reasonable. The office is comfortable, despite the lack of windows. Even though it was nice meeting my students in a public space, teaching in my own space is much better.  

These words and phrasesIn spite of / Despite / Although / Even though – contain the idea of “but,” however these words are used differently. Do you know how to use them? Have a look at the paragraph above once more, then check today’s lesson.

We use although to mean but, and the structure is although + subject (S) & verb (V).  Look at the example:

  • Although it was raining today, I walked to the office. This means it was raining today, but I walked to the office. Here are a few more examples:
  • Although John is a great Italian chef, he doesn’t bake bread.
  • Jane just got a cat, although she has always had dogs.

Even though is a stronger version of although. The structure is the same; Even though + subject (S) & verb (V).  

  • Even though it was raining today, I walked to the office.
  • Even though John is a great Italian chef, he doesn’t bake bread.
  • Jane just got a cat, even though she has always loved dogs.

In spite of is also used to mean but. The structure is in spite of + noun. Despite is used in the same way, with the same structure:

  • In spite of the rain, I walked to the office today (or) Despite the rain, I walked to the office today.
  • In spite of John’s cooking skills, he doesn’t bake bread (or) Despite John’s cooking skills, he doesn’t bake bread
  • In spite of Jane’s love of dogs, she just got a cat (or) Despite Jane’s love of dogs, she just got a cat.

*Note that we say in spite “of” but we use despite without “of”

  • Despite the rain, I walked to the office. Not, Despite of the rain….

Are you up for a quiz? Try the quiz below and see how well you remember the rules. Thanks for studying today!

[mtouchquiz 13]

How about studying English with me? I am available for private English lessons in New York, and online via Skype. Also, check out my newest book & audio podcasts, 109 Phrasal Verbs